Skin cancer develops primarily on areas of sun-exposed skin, including the scalp, face, lips, ears, neck, chest, arms and hands, and on the legs in women. But it can also form on areas that rarely see the light of day — your palms, beneath your fingernails or toenails, and your genital area.
Where does skin cancer usually start?
Where do skin cancers start? Most skin cancers start in the top layer of skin, called the epidermis. There are 3 main types of cells in this layer: Squamous cells: These are flat cells in the upper (outer) part of the epidermis, which are constantly shed as new ones form.
Which skin cancer is most common?
Basal and squamous cell carcinomas are the two most common types of skin cancer. They begin in the basal and squamous layers of the skin, respectively.
Where is the most common place to get melanoma?
Melanomas can develop anywhere on your body. They most often develop in areas that have had exposure to the sun, such as your back, legs, arms and face. Melanomas can also occur in areas that don’t receive much sun exposure, such as the soles of your feet, palms of your hands and fingernail beds.
What areas of the body are most likely to develop skin cancer Why is this the case?
Most often, skin cancer develops in areas of the body that are regularly exposed to ultraviolet (UV) rays from the sun, such as the:
- Tops of the ears.
How can you tell if a spot is skin cancer?
Redness or new swelling beyond the border of a mole. Color that spreads from the border of a spot into surrounding skin. Itching, pain, or tenderness in an area that doesn’t go away or goes away then comes back. Changes in the surface of a mole: oozing, scaliness, bleeding, or the appearance of a lump or bump.
Are skin cancers itchy?
Skin cancers often don’t cause bothersome symptoms until they have grown quite large. Then they may itch, bleed, or even hurt. But typically they can be seen or felt long before they reach this point.
What is the most treatable skin cancer?
The earliest form of melanoma (considered stage 0), it is the easiest to treat and almost always curable.
What is the second most common skin cancer?
Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the skin
SCC is the second most common type of skin cancer. People who have light skin are most likely to develop SCC. This skin cancer also develops in people who have darker skin. SCC often looks like a red firm bump, scaly patch, or a sore that heals and then re-opens.
How common is it for skin cancer to spread?
Skin cancer cells can sometimes spread to other parts of the body, but this is not common. When cancer cells do this, it’s called metastasis. To doctors, the cancer cells in the new place look just like the ones from the skin.
What does Stage 1 melanoma look like?
Stage I melanoma is no more than 1.0 millimeter thick (about the size of a sharpened pencil point), with or without an ulceration (broken skin). There is no evidence that Stage I melanoma has spread to the lymph tissues, lymph nodes, or body organs.
What does early signs of melanoma look like?
Pigment, redness or swelling that spreads outside the border of a spot to the surrounding skin. Itchiness, tenderness or pain. Changes in texture, or scales, oozing or bleeding from an existing mole. Blurry vision or partial loss of sight, or dark spots in the iris.
How long can you have melanoma without knowing?
How long can you have melanoma and not know it? It depends on the type of melanoma. For example, nodular melanoma grows rapidly over a matter of weeks, while a radial melanoma can slowly spread over the span of a decade. Like a cavity, a melanoma may grow for years before producing any significant symptoms.
Can skin cancer appear anywhere?
Many skin cancers are more common on parts of the body that tend to get more sun, such as the face, head, neck, and arms. But skin cancers can occur anywhere on the body. Some of the more common ways in which skin cancers can appear include: A new, expanding, or changing growth, spot, or bump on the skin.
Can you feel skin cancer?
First thing’s first — no, you cannot feel skin cancer, at least not in the same way you would a stomach ache or something like that. What you can feel, however, are some of the warning signs and symptoms that skin cancer might bring with it like itchiness, burning, and so on.
Can skin cancer go anywhere?
Skin cancer is actually one of the easiest cancers to find. That’s because skin cancer usually begins where you can see it. You can get skin cancer anywhere on your skin — from your scalp to the bottoms of your feet. Even if the area gets little sun, it’s possible for skin cancer to develop there.