What happens if you have melanoma on your foot?

Foot melanoma is often treatable in the early stages. However, people will usually receive a diagnosis during the later stages, as the symptoms may not be easily noticeable. If foot melanoma spreads, or metastasizes, it can be life threatening. Foot melanoma most often initially spreads to the lymph nodes.

Is melanoma on the foot rare?

Melanoma on the soles of the foot is even rarer than that, Okuyama said — about 2.2 cases for every million black people and about 2.4 cases for every million white people in the United States.

How fast does foot melanoma spread?

Melanoma can grow very quickly. It can become life-threatening in as little as 6 weeks and, if untreated, it can spread to other parts of the body. Melanoma can appear on skin not normally exposed to the sun.

What is the treatment for melanoma on the foot?

How Is It Usually Treated? When identified early, surgery is often the most effective treatment for melanoma. If the cancer has spread to other parts of the foot or into the lower legs, treatments that include radiation therapy, immunotherapy, and chemotherapy may be recommended.

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What are the symptoms of foot melanoma?

Look for the signs of melanoma

  • Brown or black vertical line under a toenail.
  • Pinkish-red spot or growth.
  • New spot or growth where you injured your foot.
  • Rapidly growing mass on your foot, especially where you once injured your foot.
  • Non-healing sore on your foot (or a sore that heals and returns)

Is foot melanoma curable?

Foot melanoma is often treatable in the early stages. However, people will usually receive a diagnosis during the later stages, as the symptoms may not be easily noticeable. If foot melanoma spreads, or metastasizes, it can be life threatening. Foot melanoma most often initially spreads to the lymph nodes.

What causes melanoma on foot?

Like melanoma that occurs in other parts of the body, exposure to ultraviolet (UV) rays is the most common cause of foot melanoma. According to the American Academy of Dermatology, exposure to excessive sunlight and tanning bed use as a teen or young adult significantly increases your risk for melanoma.

What happens after a melanoma is removed?

Most wounds take 1 to 3 weeks to heal. If a large area of skin was removed, you may have a skin graft. In that case, healing may take longer. Some soreness around the site of the wound is normal.

What does Stage 1 melanoma look like?

Stage I melanoma is no more than 1.0 millimeter thick (about the size of a sharpened pencil point), with or without an ulceration (broken skin). There is no evidence that Stage I melanoma has spread to the lymph tissues, lymph nodes, or body organs.

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How long do you live after being diagnosed with melanoma?

The overall average 5-year survival rate for all patients with melanoma is 92%. This means 92 of every 100 people diagnosed with melanoma will be alive in 5 years. In the very early stages the 5-year survival rate is 99%. Once melanoma has spread to the lymph nodes the 5-year survival rate is 63%.

Is melanoma Fatal?

Melanoma is the most invasive skin cancer with the highest risk of death. While it’s a serious skin cancer, it’s highly curable if caught early. Prevention and early treatment are critical, especially if you have fair skin, blonde or red hair and blue eyes.

How quickly should melanoma be removed?

Hypothesis-based, informal guidelines recommend treatment within 4–6 weeks. In this study, median surgical intervals varied significantly between clinics and departments, but nearly all were within a 6-week frame. Key words: melanoma, surgical interval, treatment time, melanoma survival, time factors.

Where does foot melanoma spread?

Melanomas may occur on the skin of the feet and on occasion beneath a toenail. They are found both on the soles and on the top of the feet. As a melanoma grows and extends deeper into the skin, it becomes more serious and may spread through the body through the lymphatics and blood vessels.

What does Stage 1 melanoma mean?

In Stage I melanoma, the cancer cells are in both the first and second layers of the skin—the epidermis and the dermis. A melanoma tumor is considered Stage I if it is up to 2 mm thick, and it may or may not have ulceration. There is no evidence the cancer has spread to lymph nodes or distant sites (metastasis).

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Where does melanoma spread to first?

Normally, the first place a melanoma tumor metastasizes to is the lymph nodes, by literally draining melanoma cells into the lymphatic fluid, which carries the melanoma cells through the lymphatic channels to the nearest lymph node basin.