What causes seminoma cancer?

Causes. A seminoma arises from germ cells that grow uncontrollably. Germ cells are the cells that form an embryo in a mother’s womb. Later on in development, germ cells are supposed to mature into sperm-producing cells within the male testicles.

What is the main cause of testicular cancer?

The exact cause of most testicular cancers is not known. But scientists have found that the disease is linked with a number of other conditions. A great deal of research is being done to learn more about the causes. Researchers are learning how certain changes in a cell’s DNA can cause the cell to become cancer.

Is seminoma curable?

Stage I seminomas

These cancers can be cured in nearly all patients. Surgery is done first to remove the testicle and spermatic cord (called a radical inguinal orchiectomy).

Is seminoma cancer aggressive?

They occur most often in men in their 40s. Anaplastic seminomas are more aggressive and are more likely to metastasize to other parts of the body.

Is seminoma cancer hereditary?

Micrograph of seminoma testes showing lobules of uniform cells separated by delicate septae of fibrous tissue.

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Does alcohol cause testicular cancer?

Researchers have looked into vasectomy, injury to the testicles, tobacco, alcohol and diet. They have found that there is no link between these factors and a higher risk for testicular cancer.

Does smoking cause testicular cancer?

Results from the study suggest that cigarette smoking exerts an adverse influence on testicular cancer risk that is not mitigated by smoking cessation and not altered by age at initiation.

Can a seminoma return?

In seminomas, recurrences still occur until 3 years. Recurrences after 3 years are rare, occurring in less than 5% of people. Because of the risk of recurrence, you’ll need regular tests to check if the cancer has returned.

What is the treatment for seminoma?

Treatment of seminoma may include the following: Surgery to remove the testicle, followed by surveillance. For patients who want active treatment rather than surveillance, treatment may include: Surgery to remove the testicle, followed by chemotherapy.

Which is worse seminoma or nonseminoma?

Seminomas are very sensitive to radiation therapy. Nonseminoma: This more common type of testicular cancer tends to grow more quickly than seminomas. Nonseminoma tumors are often made up of more than one type of cell, and are identified according to these different cell types: Choriocarcinoma (rare)

How fast do seminomas grow?

The median lymph node growth rate for patients with seminoma was 1.35 mm/month (range 0.62-4.56) and for patients with non-seminoma 2.99 mm/month (range 0.77-7.06); the difference in growth rates was statistically significant (P=0.029).

What does seminoma look like?

Microscopic examination shows that seminomas are usually composed of either a sheet-like or lobular pattern of cells with a fibrous stromal network. The fibrous septa almost always contain focal lymphocyte inclusions, and granulomas are sometimes seen.

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Do you lose your hair with chemo for testicular cancer?

Another common side effect of chemotherapy is hair loss, which many of the men associated with cancer. After about three weeks of chemotherapy they lost all their body hair, including eyebrows.

What age group is at the highest risk for testicular cancer?

Testis cancer is most common in men in their late 20s and early 30s, with an average age of diagnosis of 33 years old. In fact, testis cancer is the most common malignancy among men 20 to 40 years old.

How do you prevent testicular cancer?

Prevention. There’s no way to prevent testicular cancer. Some doctors recommend regular testicle self-examinations to identify testicular cancer at its earliest stage.

Can you have a child after testicular cancer?

Your fertility means being able to make someone pregnant. After treatment for testicular cancer, you will usually still be able to make someone pregnant.