Quick Answer: How is squamous cell carcinoma of the tongue treated?

At present, commonly used clinical treatment options for tongue squamous cell carcinoma are surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy and comprehensive treatment.

How serious is squamous cell carcinoma on tongue?

Tongue Squamous Cell Carcinoma (SCC) is one of the most common cancer types, with a survival rate of less than 5 years in half of newly diagnosed patients. Nearly half of patients who are at the stage of diagnosis already have regional lymph node metastasis.

What is the best treatment for squamous cell carcinoma of the tongue?

Treatment is with surgery, radiation, or both, although surgery plays a larger role in the treatment of most oral cavity cancer. The overall 5-year survival rate (all sites and stages combined) is > 50%. (See also Overview of Head and Neck Tumors.

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Can squamous cell carcinoma of the tongue be cured?

Tongue cancer is highly curable when it is detected early, but it can be life-threatening if not diagnosed and treated early. Over time, it may spread to other sites in the mouth, other areas of the head and neck, or other parts of the body.

Is squamous cell carcinoma of the tongue aggressive?

SQUAMOUS CELL carcinoma (SCC) of the base of the tongue (BOT) is an aggressive tumor associated with a poor prognosis. Generally, the stage of the tumor is advanced at presentation.

What is the survival rate for squamous cell carcinoma?

In general, the squamous cell carcinoma survival rate is very high—when detected early, the five-year survival rate is 99 percent. Even if squamous cell carcinoma has spread to nearby lymph nodes, the cancer may be effectively treated through a combination of surgery and radiation treatment.

How long can you live with squamous cell carcinoma?

Most (95% to 98%) of squamous cell carcinomas can be cured if they are treated early. Once squamous cell carcinoma has spread beyond the skin, though, less than half of people live five years, even with aggressive treatment.

Where does squamous cell carcinoma of the tongue spread to?

Oral Tongue

If the tumor is large, it may have spread to lymph nodes in the neck. When this occurs the surgeon may recommend removal of the affected lymph nodes in the neck. Most small cancers of the oral tongue leave little cosmetic or functional changes after they are removed.

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How quickly does oral squamous cell carcinoma grow?

Results: Rapidly growing SCC occurred most commonly on the head and neck, followed by hands and extremities, and had an average duration of 7 weeks before diagnosis. The average size of the lesions was 1.29 cm and nearly 20% occurred in immunosuppressed patients. Conclusions: Some SCCs may grow rapidly.

Is squamous cell carcinoma of the tongue painful?

Squamous cells are thin, flat cells that are present on the surface of the skin and the tongue, in the lining of the digestive and respiratory tracts, and in the lining of the mouth, throat, thyroid, and larynx. The primary symptoms of tongue cancer are a painful tongue and the development of a sore on the tongue.

Is oral squamous cell carcinoma aggressive?

OSCC is an aggressive tumor with low response to chemotherapy and basic resistance to most standard-of-care anticancer drugs. 2 The death rate for oral cancer is higher than that of cervical cancer, Hodgkin’s lymphoma, testicular cancer and skin cancer.

How long can you live with Stage 4 squamous cell carcinoma?

For a patient with stage IV cancer, age must also be considered to prognose survival. For a patient who is 67 years or older, the expected median survival is a little more than 1 year. If this patient were younger than 67 years, then the expected median survival would be about 2 years.

What causes carcinoma of the tongue?

Tongue cancer is a type of head and neck cancer. Symptoms can include a patch, spot or lump on your tongue that doesn’t go away. The main risk factors are smoking, drinking a lot of alcohol and infection with the HPV virus.

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How long does it take to get the results of a tongue biopsy?

When Will You Learn the Results? The biopsy taken by your dentist will be sent to the laboratory where an oral pathologist performs a careful evaluation of the tissue. Most results can be given within two to three days of the biopsy.

What does squamous cell carcinoma look like in the mouth?

A white or red patch inside your mouth or on your lips may be a potential sign of squamous cell carcinoma. There is a wide range in how oral cancer may look and feel. The skin may feel thicker or nodular, or there may be a persistent ulcer or erosion.

What is tongue carcinoma?

Tongue cancer is a form of cancer that begins in the cells of the tongue. Several types of cancer can affect the tongue, but tongue cancer most often begins in the thin, flat squamous cells that line the surface of the tongue.