Tobacco use (in any form) and excessive alcohol consumption are the two greatest risk factors for developing throat cancer. Infection with the human papillomavirus (HPV) is increasingly linked to throat cancer as well, especially in younger people.
What is the main reason for throat cancer?
Causes of throat cancer
smoking tobacco. excessive alcohol consumption. human papillomavirus (HPV) epstein-barr virus (EBV)
What is the most common throat cancer?
Most throat cancers are squamous cell carcinoma. Squamous cells are thin, flat cells that line the throat. Carcinoma means cancer. Lymphoma and cancer of the minor salivary glands can also develop in the throat.
What is the number one cause of throat cancer in men?
Smoking: Tobacco smoking is by far the most important risk factor for all cancers of the head and neck, including throat cancer. Regular, long-term, heavy smokers are 20 times more likely to develop a type of throat cancer compared with non-smokers.
What throat cancer feels like?
Trouble swallowing: Throat cancer can cause pain or a burning sensation when chewing and swallowing food. You might feel like food is sticking in your throat. A lump in your throat: You may have a lump in your throat caused by an enlarged lymph node.
How can you prevent throat cancer?
But in order to reduce your risk of throat cancer, you can:
- Stop smoking or don’t start smoking. If you smoke, quit. …
- Drink alcohol only in moderation, if at all. If you choose to drink alcohol, do so in moderation. …
- Choose a healthy diet full of fruits and vegetables. …
- Protect yourself from HPV .
Is throat cancer hereditary?
People with syndromes caused by inherited gene defects (mutations) have a very high risk of throat cancer, including cancer of the hypopharynx.
How would I know if I had throat cancer?
Throat cancer is a general term that describes several different types of cancer. Symptoms include ear pain or a sore throat, a lump in the neck, difficulty swallowing, change in your voice or speech, unexplained weight loss, a cough, shortness of breath and a feeling of something stuck in the throat.
What is the other name for throat cancer?
Most throat cancers are squamous cell carcinomas (cancer that begins in thin, flat cells that look like fish scales). Also called pharyngeal cancer.
How can you detect throat cancer at home?
- Check the neck for lumps.
- Look at lips and cheeks.
- Bite gently; look at gums.
- Open mouth. Look at tongue (top, bottom, sides), back of the throat, the roof of the mouth, and under the tongue using a flashlight and mirror.
Can you get cancer from stress?
No, being stressed doesn’t directly increase the risk of cancer. The best quality studies have followed up many people for several years. They have found no evidence that those who are more stressed are more likely to get cancer. Some people wonder whether stress causes breast cancer.
Do symptoms of throat cancer come and go?
Symptoms may also come and go. Persistent doesn’t always mean constant. For example, you may have a sore throat for a week, and then it goes away for a few days, and then returns.
Can throat cancer cause back pain?
Chronic coughing and vocal hoarseness, if the cancer invades the laryngeal nerves. Back pain, if the cancer invades the membrane that encloses the heart (pericardium) or the membrane between the lungs (mediastinum)
Can anxiety cause a lump in throat?
It’s also possible for stress and anxiety to cause a constant lump in the throat that doesn’t go away and may even cause a tiny bit of pain. Still, the most common cause of throat lumps is stress and anxiety, and many of those who suffer from anxiety symptoms or severe stress experience such lumps.