Superficial spreading melanoma is a type of skin cancer that slowly grows horizontally across the top layer of skin before moving to the deeper layers.
What is superficial skin cancer?
Superficial spreading melanoma is a type of skin cancer. It begins when the melanocytes in the skin grow out of control and form tumors. Melanocytes are the cells responsible for making melanin, the pigment that determines the color of the skin.
Is superficial melanoma serious?
Superficial spreading melanoma is the most common type of melanoma, a potentially serious skin cancer that arises from melanocytes (pigment cells) along the basal layer of the epidermis.
Is superficial basal cell carcinoma serious?
Although it can be locally invasive and destructive, it rarely metastasizes and is readily amenable to excisional management. However, facial BCC is particularly of concern because it is considered malignant. It can cause significant destruction and disfigurement by invading surrounding tissues.
What type of cancer is most superficial?
The types include: Superficial spreading melanoma is by far the most common type, accounting for about 70 percent of all cases, and is the one most often seen in young people.
What does a superficial basal cell carcinoma look like?
What does BCC look like? BCCs can look like open sores, red patches, pink growths, shiny bumps, scars or growths with slightly elevated, rolled edges and/or a central indentation. At times, BCCs may ooze, crust, itch or bleed. The lesions commonly arise in sun-exposed areas of the body.
What does superficial BCC look like?
Superficial BCC looks like a scaly pink or red plaque. You may see a raised, pearly white border. The lesion may ooze or become crusty. Superficial BCC is typically found on the chest, back, arms, and legs.
Can superficial melanoma spread?
Superficial spreading melanoma grows outward, spreading across the epidermis at first and may take years to invade other tissue layers, while nodular melanoma immediately spreads into different layers of surrounding tissue.
How do you get rid of superficial melanoma?
Mohs surgery is done by a specially trained dermatologist or surgeon. In this procedure, the skin (including the melanoma) is removed in very thin layers. Each layer is then looked at with a microscope. If cancer cells are seen, the doctor removes another layer of skin.
How is superficial melanoma treated?
How’s superficial spreading melanoma treated? Stage 1 or 2 superficial spreading melanoma is usually treated with surgery to remove the cancerous cells. Stage 3 or 4 may need additional therapies, such as chemotherapy or radiation.
How deep is a superficial BCC?
Superficial BCC mean depths ranged from 0.17 mm on the cheek to 0.40 mm on the foot. Combined superficial and nodular BCC subtype depths ranged from 0.63 mm on the thigh to 1.50 mm on the lip.
What is the best treatment for superficial basal cell?
Basal cell carcinoma is most often treated with surgery to remove all of the cancer and some of the healthy tissue around it. Options might include: Surgical excision. In this procedure, your doctor cuts out the cancerous lesion and a surrounding margin of healthy skin.
What is superficial squamous cell carcinoma?
Sun-exposed areas such as the lips and ears are especially likely to develop squamous cell carcinoma of the skin. Squamous cell carcinoma of the skin is a common form of skin cancer that develops in the squamous cells that make up the middle and outer layers of the skin.
How do I know if my basal cell is superficial?
Superficial basal cell carcinomas are seen mostly on the upper trunk or shoulders. This type of BCC grows slowly, has minimal tendency to be invasive, and appears clinically as an erythematous, well-circumscribed patch or plaque, often with a whitish scale.
What are the 3 types of skin cancers?
Skin cancer — the abnormal growth of skin cells — most often develops on skin exposed to the sun. But this common form of cancer can also occur on areas of your skin not ordinarily exposed to sunlight. There are three major types of skin cancer — basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma and melanoma.
Which skin cancer spreads the fastest?
Merkel cell carcinoma tends to grow fast and to spread quickly to other parts of your body. Treatment options for Merkel cell carcinoma often depend on whether the cancer has spread beyond the skin.