Traditional and novel chemotherapy agents can damage the heart or peripheral blood vessels, or cause problems with clotting or blood lipids. Some serious cardiovascular effects occur while the chemotherapy is being given; others appear long after cancer has become a distant memory.
What does chemo do to the heart?
Some types of chemotherapy (primarily in a class of drugs called anthracyclines) weaken the heart muscle from a buildup of calcium and other chemical reactions in the body that release harmful free radicals. Thus, chemotherapy side effects include cardiomyopathy (an enlargement) or congestive heart failure.
Can chemo weaken your heart?
Chemotherapy and radiation therapy may cause problems with how well the heart works and abnormal heart rhythms (arrhythmias). Types of heart problems that can develop include: cardiomyopathy and congestive heart failure, which damage and weaken the heart and how well it can pump blood.
Is chemo hard on the heart?
Yes, some conventional chemotherapy drugs used to treat cancer can increase your risk of heart problems. Heart problems can also happen with newer targeted therapy drugs and with radiation therapy.
How can I protect my heart during chemo?
Stay healthy after treatment
- Get to and stay at a healthy weight.
- Get regular exercise.
- Eat a healthy diet, with an emphasis on fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.
- Get recommended cancer screenings.
- Create a survivorship care plan.
- Keep your follow-up appointments.
- Take care of your emotional health.
Does chemo cause heart palpitations?
The most common side effects with this chemotherapy are fatigue, nausea, diarrhea and lab abnormalities. It also can cause heart side effects including chest pain, spasm of the heart arteries or irregular heart rhythms, which can be felt as palpitations.
What is Red Devil chemo?
The chemotherapy (“chemo”) drug “The Red Devil” is doxorubicin (Adriamycin). It is an intravenous cancer medicine with a clear, bright red color, which is how it got its nickname.
Why do you have to flush the toilet twice after chemo?
Small amounts of chemotherapy are present in your body fluids and body waste. If any part of your body is exposed to any body fluids or wastes, wash the exposed area with soap and water. People in your household may use the same toilet as you, as long as you flush all waste down the toilet twice with the lid down.
Do chemo side effects get worse with each treatment?
Most types of pain related to chemotherapy get better or go away between treatments. However, nerve damage often gets worse with each dose. Sometimes the drug causing the nerve damage has to be stopped. It can take months or years for nerve damage from chemotherapy to improve or go away.
Do you ever fully recover from chemotherapy?
Most chemotherapy side effects are temporary and disappear once your treatment is over. For some people chemotherapy can cause long term changes in the body months or years after treatment. Many people feel more tired than usual for a long time after chemotherapy treatment.
Can chemo cause heart problems years later?
Some cancer treatments can injure the heart muscle and blood vessels, increasing the risk of developing heart disease in the days, weeks, months, or years following cancer treatment.
Can chemo cause a stroke?
Chemotherapy can lead to stroke via endothelial toxicity and abnormalities in coagulation and hemostasis factors (71). It can also trigger the manifestation of a stroke by transferring susceptibility via immunosuppression and the increase in opportunistic infections (68).
Does chemo cause AFIB?
Commonly used cancer treatments may also contribute to the development of atrial fibrillation . In particular, targeted therapies such as the tyrosine kinase inhibitor ibrutinib, may increase the incidence of AF and complicate its treatment due to drug-drug interactions.