Colon cancer most often spreads to the liver, but it can also spread to other places like the lungs, brain, peritoneum (the lining of the abdominal cavity), or to distant lymph nodes.
Does colon cancer spread quickly?
In most cases, colon and rectal cancers grow slowly over many years. Most of those cancers start as a growth called a polyp.
Where is colon cancer most often located?
Nearly all cases of colorectal cancer develop from polyps. They start in the inner lining of the colon and most often affect the left side of the colon and rectum.
How long does colon cancer take to metastasize?
They don’t need to acquire any new genetic mutations to become metastatic. The research also suggests that once a colon carcinoma develops, if it is going to spread outside the colon, it will do so in less than two years.
How fast does colon cancer spread to the liver?
Liver Metastasis Can Happen Fast
About 20% to 25% of people are first diagnosed with colon cancer after the cancer has already spread to the liver, according to a study in Euroasian Journal of Hepato-Gastroenterology, and 40% to 50% see spread to the liver within three years of the original colon cancer diagnosis.
Does tumor size determine colon cancer stage?
Stages of colorectal cancer. Colorectal cancer is staged using the American Joint Committee on Cancer’s TNM system. This system differentiates stages based on the following information: The size of the tumor (T) and how deeply it’s grown into the tissue of the colon or rectum.
What stage is a 5 cm colon tumor?
Conclusions: Tumor size of 5 cm is an independent prognostic parameter for patients with stage III( colon cancer but not for stage II(. Determination of the association between tumor size and survival should be base on TNM staging.
Which side is colon pain?
Sudden severe abdominal pain, especially in the lower abdomen and on the left side, is common with colon spasms. The pain can vary in its intensity with each spasm. Gas or bloating. These signs may occur any time of the day, regardless of diet.
Can colon cancer cause back pain?
Cancers of the stomach, colon, and rectum can all cause lower back pain. This pain radiates from the cancer site to the lower back. A person with these cancer types may have other symptoms, such as sudden weight loss or blood in their stool.
Can you feel a tumor in your colon?
Through screening tests, colon cancer can be detected before symptoms develop. This is when the cancer is most curable. Your doctor will perform a physical exam and press on your belly area. The physical exam rarely shows any problems, although the doctor may feel a lump (mass) in the abdomen.
How often does colon cancer spread to lungs?
It has been reported that 5-6% of colon cancers and 10-18% of rectal cancers spread to the lung, with an overall incidence of PMs up to 15% (17).
How does colon cancer affect the body?
Colon cancer can cause both constipation and diarrhea. A person may feel cramp-like pain in the stomach. The stool may be streaked or mixed with blood. In rectal cancer, the most common symptom is usually bleeding when going to the bathroom.
Can you have colon cancer and not lose weight?
More than half of people diagnosed with colon cancer have no symptoms. Symptoms such as a change in stool, rectal bleeding, abdominal pain and unexplained weight loss can all signal colon cancer. But once these symptoms begin to develop, it may be a sign of more advanced disease.
What happens in end stage colon cancer?
Symptoms at the end of life can include periods of confusion, agitation, and even hallucinations. Your loved one may see insects in the room, angels, or even people that you cannot see. They may not recognize you or may seem upset and out of sorts for no apparent reason.
How do you know if colon cancer has spread to the liver?
All of these symptoms may be caused by the spread of the colon cancer cells into the liver, thereby disrupting liver functions and/or killing liver cells.
Colon cancer stages and symptoms
- Pain in the right side of the abdomen or stomach.
- Abdominal swelling.
- Blood in stool.
How bad is it when bowel cancer has spread to liver and lungs?
Distant metastases are the major cause of death for colorectal carcinoma patients. Depending on the primary tumor’s stage, liver metastases occur in 20% to 70% of patients and lung metastases in 10% to 20%.