There is no evidence for the myth that chlorine in drinking water or swimming pools can cause cancer. However, chlorine and chlorine gas can aggravate respiratory conditions and high concentrations of chlorine can lead to many health complications.
What type of cancer does chlorine cause?
Published reports have revealed increased risk of colorectal cancers in people exposed to chlorinated drinking water or chemical derivatives of chlorination.
What are the side effects of too much chlorine?
Chlorine, either solid or liquid, is a pesticide used in pools to destroy germs, including those from feces, urine, saliva and other substances. But excessive exposure to chlorine can cause sickness and injuries, including rashes, coughing, nose or throat pain, eye irritation and bouts of asthma, health experts warn.
Is chlorine a cancer causing agent?
No information is available on the carcinogenic effects of chlorine in humans from inhalation exposure. A National Toxicology Program (NTP) study showed no evidence of carcinogenic activity in male rats or male and female mice, and equivocal evidence in female rats, from ingestion of chlorinated water.
Does chlorine damage your body?
In fact, chlorine can be harmful to your eyes, hair, nails, lungs, and yes, even your skin. Not only that, but depending on your age, existing skin condition, and several other factors including the balance of chemicals in the water, chlorine can be anything from irritating to extremely harmful to your skin.
Can chlorine cause breast cancer?
The link between chlorine and bladder and rectal cancers has long been known, but only recently have researchers found a link between common chlorine disinfectant and breast cancer, which affects one out of every eight American women.
Is pool water cancerous?
Sept. 13, 2010 — Swimming in indoor pools may result in respiratory effects and induce DNA damage that could lead to cancer, according to new research that examined the impact of byproducts of pool disinfection.
Can chlorine hurt your lungs?
Chlorine gas is a toxic respiratory irritant that is considered a chemical threat agent because of the potential for release in industrial accidents or terrorist attacks. Chlorine inhalation damages the respiratory tract, including the airways and distal lung, and can result in acute lung injury.
Is chlorine absorbed through the skin?
The body does not absorb chlorine well. However, small amounts can pass through the skin when people are exposed to chlorine gas, chlorine bleach, or bathing in water with high levels of chlorine. Lower levels of exposure can occur when people handle soil or water containing chlorine.
At what level is chlorine harmful?
Safe chlorine levels range between 1 and 3 parts per million. At concentrations above 6 ppm, the pool is unsafe.
Is it safe to drink chlorine?
Is chlorinated water safe to drink? Yes. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) limits the amount of chlorine in drinking water to levels that are safe for human consumption.
What are the safe limits of chlorine intake for humans?
Chlorine levels up to 4 milligrams per liter (mg/L or 4 parts per million (ppm)) are considered safe in drinking water . At this level, harmful health effects are unlikely to occur.
How do you remove chlorine from your body?
While people often prioritize rinsing off after getting out of the pool, rinsing off or even showering with soap isn’t enough to strip the chlorine from your body. The only way to actually remove chlorine is with a vitamin C-based chlorine removal product.
How does chlorine affect the brain?
Chlorine bleach exposure was associated with impaired neurobehavioral functions and elevated POMS scores and symptom frequencies.
Do you need to shower after chlorine?
Will I get sick if I don’t shower after a swim? Although it’s important to shower off any residual bugs that might have got through the chlorinated neutralising process, it’s most important to shower the chlorine off your skin to prevent damage from those harsh pool chemicals.