Worldwide, it is estimated that more than one million women are diagnosed with breast cancer every year, and more than 410,000 will die from the disease. In low- and middle-income countries (LMCs), the infrastructure and resources for routine screening mammography are often unavailable.
Is breast cancer a global health concern?
Breast cancer poses a major threat to public health worldwide, but increasingly so in developing countries where the majority of cases are diagnosed in late stages.
Why is breast cancer a public health concern?
Thus, breast cancer in young women represents both a rare disease and a public health problem due to the substantial burden and disparities that exist in understanding, care, and outcomes. Further research and programs to support young women at risk for breast cancer and those who develop the disease are needed.
Why is cancer a global issue?
Cancer is a major burden of disease worldwide. Each year, tens of millions of people are diagnosed with cancer around the world, and more than half of the patients eventually die from it. In many countries, cancer ranks the second most common cause of death following cardiovascular diseases.
How does breast cancer affect the world?
Breast cancer is the most common cancer worldwide—surpassing lung cancer for the first time in 2020—and the most common cancer diagnosed in American women. It is a leading cause of cancer death in less developed countries and the second leading cause of cancer death in American women.
How common is breast cancer worldwide?
Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women worldwide, with nearly 1.7 million new cases diagnosed in 2012, representing about 25 per cent of all cancers in women. Incidence rates vary widely across the world, from 27 per 100,000 in Middle Africa and Eastern Asia to 92 per 100,000 in Northern America.
Why breast cancer prevalence is higher in developed countries?
Why rates have risen
* The rising breast cancer rates around the world are linked to increased exposure to the female hormone oestrogen, because of changes in reproduction and diet. * Improved nutrition means girls reach puberty earlier and women have the menopause later.
How can you prevent the risk of breast cancer?
What can I do to reduce my risk of breast cancer?
- Limit alcohol. The more alcohol you drink, the greater your risk of developing breast cancer. …
- Maintain a healthy weight. If your weight is healthy, work to maintain that weight. …
- Be physically active. …
- Breast-feed. …
- Limit postmenopausal hormone therapy.
Why is cancer a public health issue?
In addition to an increasing U.S. cancer burden, cancer is an emerging public health challenge in developing countries because of the aging and expansion of the population and increased prevalence of cancer risk factors such as smoking, obesity, and physical inactivity .
Is cancer a global challenge?
Cancer is a multifaceted global health issue that continues to demand action.
How has cancer affected the world?
Cancer is among the leading causes of death worldwide. In 2018, there were 18.1 million new cases and 9.5 million cancer-related deaths worldwide. By 2040, the number of new cancer cases per year is expected to rise to 29.5 million and the number of cancer-related deaths to 16.4 million.
Who does breast cancer affect?
Breast cancer mainly affects older women. Most breast cancers (80%) occur in women over the age of 50. And the older you are, the higher your risk. Men can also get breast cancer, but this is rare.
Are certain people more at risk for breast cancer than others?
A woman’s risk for breast cancer is higher if she has a mother, sister, or daughter (first-degree relative) or multiple family members on either her mother’s or father’s side of the family who have had breast or ovarian cancer. Having a first-degree male relative with breast cancer also raises a woman’s risk.
Is breast cancer the leading cause of death?
Except for skin cancer, breast cancer is the most common cancer in women in the United States. Deaths from breast cancer have declined over time, but breast cancer remains the second leading cause of cancer death among women overall and the leading cause of cancer death among Hispanic women.