You asked: How often does lichen planus lead to cancer?

This “erosive” lichen planus causes painful sores and ulcers in the mouth. It’s possible that about 1 percent to 5 percent of these cases may turn into oral cancer.

Does lichen planus increase cancer risk?

Patients with diagnosed LP have an increased risk of developing cancer of lip, tongue, oral cavity, esophagus, larynx and vulva. These data are important when considering treatment and follow-up of patients with LP diagnosis.

Can lichen planus cause skin cancer?

It is important to note that lichen planus itself is not an infectious disease. Therefore, this disease is not passed from one person to another by any means. Lichen planus is not a type of cancer.

Is lichen planus potentially malignant?

Oral lichen planus (OLP) is a chronic inflammatory oral mucosa disease that is recognized as an oral potentially malignant disorder.

Can lichen planus cause death?

The average lichen planus patient died at 71.3 years of age; men died earlier (67.5) than women (74.5). The earliest age at death was 39 for men and 47 for women. The latest was 88 for men and 93 for women.

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How Long Does lichen planus last?

In most cases, lichen planus will go away within 2 years. If you have symptoms, such as severe itching or sores in your mouth or genital area, treatment can help. If you have lichen planus on your scalp, treatment is important to prevent permanent hair loss.

What happens if lichen planus goes untreated?

The affected skin might stay slightly darker even after the rash clears up, especially in dark-skinned people. Oral lichen planus increases the risk of oral cancer. Left untreated, lichen planus of the ear canal may lead to hearing loss.

Is lichen planus linked to other diseases?

Analysis of data obtained from a Taiwan insurance database containing approximately 12,500 lichen planus patients revealed a significant association between lichen planus and systemic lupus erythematosus, Sjögren’s syndrome (significant in females only), dermatomyositis, vitiligo, and alopecia areata.

What autoimmune disease causes lichen planus?

Lichen planus (LP) is thought to be an autoimmune disorder in patients with a genetic predisposition but may be caused by drugs or be associated with disorders such as hepatitis C. LP is characterized by recurrent, pruritic papules that are polygonal, flat-topped, and violaceous and can coalesce into plaques.

Is lichen planus a dysplasia?

It is suggested that, while mild or moderate dysplasia may not indicate precancerous potential, severe dysplasia in lichen planus may signify the development of a precancerous lesion.

Can Oral Lichen Planus turn cancerous?

Around 1 to 3 percent of patients who have had lichen planus for a long time may go on to develop mouth cancer. The exact connection between oral lichen planus and cancer is not certain. Only a very few patients with oral lichen planus ever develop cancer.

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Is lichen planus an immune disorder?

Lichen planus is a chronic, inflammatory, autoimmune disease that affects the skin, oral mucosa, genital mucosa, scalp, and nails.

Is sunshine good for lichen planus?

If the lichen planus is on the regular skin and not very severe, treatment is often not needed. If the lichen planus is caused by the sun (some cases of lichen planus pigmentosus), a strong sunscreen (sun protection factor [SPF] 50 or higher) should be used daily.

Can anxiety cause lichen planus?

Based on previous clinical studies, it is generally believed that mental stress is one of the possible risk factors for the development of OLP (6). A previous study showed that in postmenopausal women, stress could lead to anxiety and depression, which are common reasons of lichen planus (7).

Does stress aggravate lichen planus?

Factors such as stress and psychological problems, especially depression and anxiety, have been mentioned as etiologic factors in lichen planus.