What kind of cancer is testicular cancer?

The most common type of testis cancer is a germ cell tumor. There are two main types of GCT: seminoma and nonseminomatous germ cell tumors (NSGCT). Both seminoma and NSGCT occur at about the same rate, and men can have seminoma, NSGCT or a combination of both.

Is testicular cancer benign or malignant?

Testicular cancer, which is most common in men between the ages of 20 and 40, begins when cells in the testicles grow uncontrollably, forming a mass called a tumor. A tumor may be benign, or noncancerous, meaning it does not spread; or it may be malignant, or cancerous, meaning it can spread to other parts of the body.

Is testicular cancer primary or secondary?

Cancers that start in another organ and then spread (metastasize) to the testicle are called secondary testicular cancers. These are not true testicular cancers – they don’t start in the testicles. They’re named and treated based on where they started. Lymphoma is the most common secondary testicular cancer.

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Is testicular cancer serious?

What is testicular cancer? Testicular cancer is a potentially deadly disease. Although it accounts for only 1.2% of all cancers in males, cancer of the testis accounts for about 11%-13% of all cancer deaths of men between the ages of 15-35. Testicular cancer has two peaks according to age.

Is testicular cancer highly curable?

Testicular cancer is highly treatable, even when cancer has spread beyond the testicle. Depending on the type and stage of testicular cancer, you may receive one of several treatments, or a combination.

Does testicular cancer spread fast?

There are two main types of testicular cancer – seminomas and nonseminomas. Seminomas tend to grow and spread more slowly than nonseminomas, which are more common, accounting for roughly 60 percent of all testicular cancers. How quickly a cancer spreads will vary from patient to patient.

How big is a testicular cancer tumor?

A painless lump or swelling on either testicle. If found early, a testicular tumor may be about the size of a pea or a marble, but it can grow much larger.

Where is the first place testicular cancer spreads?

Therefore, testis cancer has a very predictable pattern of spread. The first place these cancers typically spread is to the lymph nodes around the kidneys, an area called the retroperitoneum.

What is the most common type of testicular cancer?

The most common type of testis cancer is a germ cell tumor. There are two main types of GCT: seminoma and nonseminomatous germ cell tumors (NSGCT). Both seminoma and NSGCT occur at about the same rate, and men can have seminoma, NSGCT or a combination of both.

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How long do you live after testicular cancer?

The general 5-year survival rate for men with testicular cancer is 95%. This means that 95 men out of every 100 men diagnosed with testicular cancer will live at least 5 years after diagnosis. The survival rate is higher for people diagnosed with early-stage cancer and lower for those with later-stage cancer.

What is the main cause of testicular cancer?

The exact cause of most testicular cancers is not known. But scientists have found that the disease is linked with a number of other conditions. A great deal of research is being done to learn more about the causes. Researchers are learning how certain changes in a cell’s DNA can cause the cell to become cancer.

Can you survive testicular cancer?

Only about 400 men will die from testis cancer each year (the chance of death from testis cancer is better than one in 5,000). Because of the excellent cure rate, about 20,000 are surviving with cancer and 200,000 have been cured at any given time in the United States.

How bad is chemo for testicular cancer?

Chemotherapy works very well for testicular cancer but can cause side effects and complications. Common side effects from chemotherapy include fatigue, nausea and vomiting, numbness and tingling in the hands and feet, high-pitch hearing loss, and ringing in the ears.

How long is chemo for testicular cancer?

Chemo cycles generally last about 3 to 4 weeks. The main drugs used to treat testicular cancer are: Cisplatin.

Is testicular cancer painful?

Testicular cancer is not usually painful. But the first symptom for some men is a sharp pain in the testicle or scrotum.

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