Benign lymphoma, also referred to as a pseudolymphoma or as a benign lymphoid hyperplasia (BLH), is a rare non-cancerous (benign) tumor made up of lymphocytes. Lymphocyes or white blood cells are part of the body’s immune system and help defend our body against infection.
How is benign lymphoma treated?
Prevalence and Treatment of Benign Lymphoma
Patients often undergo surgery to remove the tumor without damaging the surrounding tissue. Medication and radiation therapy may also be recommended in some cases.
Can benign lymphoma spread?
Benign lymphoma is very rarely life-threatening and the tumors (or lumps) are usually fairly slow-growing and rarely expand enough to involve any tissue or other body parts.
What does benign lymph node mean?
Benign means the lymph nodes don’t contain cancer cells. Malignant means they do contain cancer cells. Keep reading to learn more about benign versus malignant lymph nodes and signs that you should see a doctor.
What causes a benign lymph node?
Lymphadenopathy is benign and self-limited in most patients. Etiologies include malignancy, infection, and autoimmune disorders, as well as medications and iatrogenic causes. The history and physical examination alone usually identify the cause of lymphadenopathy.
Is benign harmful?
In general, a benign tumor grows slowly and is not harmful. However, this is not always the case. A benign tumor may grow big enough or be found near blood vessels, the brain, nerves, or organs. As a result, it can cause problems locally without spreading to another part of the body.
Is benign lymphoma curable?
Sometimes the lymphocytes grow abnormally and form tumors or lymphomas. Benign lymphomas are almost never life threatening, although they may grow and press against other tissues.
What is the difference between a benign and a cancerous tumor?
Tumors can be benign (noncancerous) or malignant (cancerous). Benign tumors tend to grow slowly and do not spread. Malignant tumors can grow rapidly, invade and destroy nearby normal tissues, and spread throughout the body.
What are the warning signs of lymphoma?
Signs and symptoms of lymphoma may include:
- Painless swelling of lymph nodes in your neck, armpits or groin.
- Persistent fatigue.
- Night sweats.
- Shortness of breath.
- Unexplained weight loss.
- Itchy skin.
What are characteristics of benign tumors?
Benign tumors aren’t cancerous. They won’t invade surrounding tissue or spread elsewhere. Even so, they can cause serious problems when they grow near vital organs, press on a nerve, or restrict blood flow. Benign tumors usually respond well to treatment.
Do benign lymph nodes go away?
Usually, these lumps are benign (non-cancerous), but it’s important to have them examined by a physician if they don’t go away in a week or two. If appropriate, a doctor may want you to undergo a biopsy of the lymph node. It is impossible to determine if a swollen lymph node is cancerous by simply touching it.
Can an ultrasound tell if a lymph node is benign?
The role of ultrasound is to differentiate pathological nodes (e.g., metastases, lymphoma, tuberculous lymphadenitis) from normal/reactive nodes (Figure 1). Different ultrasound criteria have been established to differentiate benign from malignant cervical lymph nodes.
Does a benign tumor spread?
Benign tumors are those that stay in their primary location without invading other sites of the body. They do not spread to local structures or to distant parts of the body. Benign tumors tend to grow slowly and have distinct borders.
What disease causes benign tumors?
Neurofibromatosis (NF), a type of phakomatosis or syndrome with neurological and cutaneous manifestations, is a rare genetic disorder that typically causes benign tumors of the nerves and growths in other parts of the body, including the skin.
What are the 3 main types of lymphoma?
Different types of lymphoma can behave differently and need different treatment.
- Lymphoma in children and young people. …
- Hodgkin lymphoma. …
- Non-Hodgkin lymphoma. …
- Chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) and small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL)