Overview: Splenic hematoma and nodular hyperplasia are the most common non-cancerous lesions found in the spleen and account for 20–41% of all splenic lesions. They are benign nodules/masses of clotted blood.
How often are spleen tumors in dogs benign?
Overall, studies report that there is about a 50:50 chance that a splenic mass in dogs will be malignant (cancerous) versus benign. If the mass is an incidental finding and the dog is asymptomatic, one study indicated that 70.5% of canine patients are benign, which is good news.
Are all spleen tumors in dogs cancerous?
Overall, two-thirds of all splenic masses are malignant and of these, two-thirds are hemangiosarcoma. If a patient presents with a splenic mass and internal bleeding, there is a 76% risk of having a malignant splenic tumor and 70% risk of having hemangiosarcoma.
Can splenic tumors in dogs be benign?
Unfortunately, in dogs, the spleen is also a common site for the development of tumors or masses. Not all tumors or masses are cancerous (malignant); some are benign (noncancerous). The prognosis for a dog with a malignant splenic mass is not good, but surgery to remove a benign mass is curative.
How long can a dog live with a benign splenic tumor?
Life expectancy. When a splenic mass is benign, your pet may live for many more years following the surgery. If the tumour has already spread, then your pet may live quite comfortably for an additional three to six months, before the spread of the cancer causes other issues such as bleeding or breathing difficulties.
How common are splenic tumors in dogs?
Hemangiosarcoma (HSA) of the spleen is a devastating cancer that affects many dogs. It is a cancer of the vascular epithelial cells (cells lining the blood vessels) that comprises roughly 7% of all cancer in canines.
Do benign tumors rupture?
Hemangiomas are the benign form of the disease and have a good prognosis. Hemangiomas can rupture, however, and cause internal bleeding with the signs described above, but they are not known to spread. Hemangiosarcoma, on the other hand, has a guarded to poor prognosis.
Do benign spleen tumors bleed?
Benign differentials that are often curative with surgery alone include haematoma, indolent lymphoma (i.e. splenic marginal zone lymphoma), benign nodular hyperplasia or lymphoid hyperplasia, extramedullary haematopoiesis. And yes, these benign lesions can occasionally present as an emergency bleeding splenic mass!
What causes a tumor on a dog’s spleen?
Non-cancerous reasons for splenic tumors or splenic enlargement include various infections, immune-mediated diseases, and obstructions to blood flow through or out of the spleen.
Does a splenectomy affect life expectancy?
Although the series of patients is small, it seems that splenectomy did not have an adverse effect on life expectancy. The haematological status and the quality of life improved after splenectomy in 17 of 19 patients.
Do benign tumors bleed in dogs?
Hemangiomas are the benign form of the disease and have an excellent prognosis. Although hemangiomas can ulcerate, or rupture within the skin, causing bleeding, and possibly mild discomfort, they are not known to spread. Hemangiosarcomas have a more guarded prognosis.
How long do dogs live after splenectomy?
With splenectomy alone, the reported median survival time is 86 d with an estimated 1-year survival rate of 6.25% (8). A more recent study reported a median survival time of 1.6 mo with 11.1% alive at 1 y and 4% alive at 2 y following splenectomy alone (3).
How much does a splenectomy cost for a dog?
Cost of Splenectomy in Dogs
In all, most owners can expect to pay around $2,500 for a splenectomy. For older dogs or ones suffering from more complex conditions, the prices for the procedure can go even higher.
Can hemangiosarcoma be misdiagnosed?
Even when a tumor sample is obtained, there is always the potential that the selected section of tumor that is submitted for histopathologic evaluation is not representative of majority of the tumor, and a misdiagnosis can be made.
Can a dog live a normal life without a spleen?
Although pets can live normally without a spleen, the spleen performs some helpful functions in life: Storage supply for blood. The spleen has a tremendous amount of red blood cells moving throughout its countless winding blood vessels at any given time.
Should you euthanize a dog with hemangiosarcoma?
Dogs in a late stage of the disease may have difficulty breathing, display unusual neurological activity, seizure or suddenly collapse. If your dog is in this situation then it is considered an emergency as they are likely dying of hemangiosarcoma; euthanasia is often the most humane option at this point.